Prostate Cancer

Hematology and Oncology Specialists located in East Lansing and Charlotte, MI

Prostate Cancer services offered in East Lansing and Charlotte, MI

One in eight men will develop prostate cancer in their lifetime, with your risk rising after the age of 50. Medical oncologists Carol Rapson, MD, and Anthony Brandau, DO, at Red Cedar Oncology have extensive experience treating prostate cancer using today's most advanced therapies, including hormonal therapy, targeted drugs, and immunotherapy. To learn more about your medical treatment options, call the office in East Lansing or Charlotte, Michigan, or book an appointment online today.

Prostate Cancer Q & A .

What causes prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer begins when changes in cellular DNA make the cells grow and multiply at an unusually fast rate. The rapid cell growth creates a tumor.

Your risk for prostate cancer rises if you inherit mutations of the BRCA genes or have Lynch syndrome.


What symptoms develop due to prostate cancer?

As the tumor gets larger, you experience:

  • Frequent need to urinate
  • Weak or interrupted urine flow
  • Need to urinate during the night
  • Blood in your urine
  • New-onset erectile dysfunction
  • Discomfort or pain when sitting

Your prostate gland surrounds the urethra (the tube carrying urine out of your body). As the tumor enlarges, it pushes against the urethra, causing urinary symptoms.


How is prostate cancer treated?

Though there are exceptions, most prostate cancers grow slowly and seldom spread. As a result, your provider may recommend carefully monitoring the tumor for changes before starting treatment. 

When your provider determines it's time for treatment, you may have one or more of the following:


Surgery for prostate cancer often involves a radical prostatectomy, or removal of the entire prostate gland. However, there are different types of surgery, and the best one depends on the cancer’s stage.


Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy may be an alternative option to surgery if you have a low-grade prostate cancer that hasn't spread. You may need radiation therapy combined with hormone therapy for cancer that has spread beyond the prostate.



Cryotherapy uses very cold temperatures to freeze and kill cancer cells. It may be an option for men with early-stage cancer who can't have radiation therapy or surgery.


Hormone therapy

Hormone therapy uses medications to reduce levels of male hormones, stopping them from fueling cancer growth. This treatment can shrink the tumor or slow cancer growth.



Though your provider may consider chemotherapy if the cancer spreads or hormone therapy doesn't work, chemotherapy alone isn't usually a routine treatment for early cancer.



Immunotherapy boosts the immune system's ability to fight cancer. For prostate cancer, this treatment consists of an individualized vaccine made from your own white blood cells. Your provider infuses it intravenously once your vaccine is ready, giving you three treatments spread two weeks apart. 


Targeted therapy

The medications currently available for targeted therapy treat men with BRCA genes. Targeted therapy blocks tumor cells from repairing damage, leading to cellular death.

To learn more about your treatment options for prostate cancer, call Red Cedar Oncology or book an appointment online today.